How to Contribute to Open Source Projects: A Beginner’s Guide

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Written By Thomas Hanna

Thomas Hanna is a passionate writer for, who is dedicated to exploring and sharing the benefits of open source resources, empowering individuals and businesses alike.

Open source projects have become increasingly popular among software developers and consumers alike, due to the wide range of advantages they offer compared to proprietary technologies. While collaboration and discussion with other developers have become part of the development and release cycle of almost every project, the amount of collaboration depends on the project. Some may have a single maintainer, while other projects have teams of developers working together.

Open source projects not only offer the opportunity to utilize and build upon existing software, but they also give developers the opportunity to share their work with the larger community. For example, many open source projects are licensed under permissive licenses that allow anyone to freely use, improve and distribute the source code. Additionally, open source projects often receive contributions from users who have identified bugs or have suggested enhancements, so projects continually evolve and improve.

Aside from contributing to a project directly, users or developers can also provide feedback to the community through forums, bug tracking systems, or other methods. As a result, open source projects usually improve faster than a single developer could achieve. And the more the community participation, the faster the development process will happen and the higher the quality of the project. Therefore, open source projects provide an excellent opportunity to make a positive impact on the larger community.

Benefits of Contributing to Open Source Projects

One of the key advantages to contributing to an open source project is the opportunity it provides to build technical skills. With access to real-world projects and source code, you can receive first-hand experience of development in an actual working environment. This is a fantastic resource to help expand your skillset and provide valuable professional experience.

Contributing to a project gives you the unique opportunity to work with a team, something that can be missed out on if you are working on your own personal projects. This can be a great way to share ideas, get feedback and advance your understanding of the technicalities of development. For those wanting to join the developer community, participation in an open source project can be crucial to entering the field.

In addition, contributing to open source projects can help to build connections within the community. By getting to know other developers and collaborating on projects, you can begin to establish lasting relationships with highly knowledgeable professionals who can offer mentorship and advice. This also gives you an opportunity to get exposure and recognition for your skill set and the potential for future opportunities.

By participating in and contributing to open source projects, you can also build a portfolio of work to show prospective employers. In today’s competitive technology field, having a track record of successful completed projects gives you the edge to stand out against other applicants. With open source projects, anyone can jump in and demonstrate their skills and ability to work as part of a team while gaining hands-on experience and creating a rewarding portfolio.

How to Get Started

Once you have chosen a project you are interested in, it is crucial to familiarize yourself with its codebase. Read through provided documentation and read up on any tutorials that the project has to offer. Become familiar with the project’s coding style so that it will be easier to communicate with its development team. If the project has an issue tracker, see if there are any open tasks where you can help out. You can also submit pull requests by fixing bugs or creating new features.

Be sure to start off with small tasks and gradually tackle increasing complexity as you grow more comfortable with the project. If you come across any issues while you are working on a task, reach out to the development team and other contributors. Don’t be afraid to ask questions because open source projects are all about collaboration and teamwork. Once you have successfully completed your pull request, take the time to document your changes and communicate about it on appropriate forums like Github and Stack Overflow. By doing this, you will help other new contributors understand the contributions that you have made.

Finding the Right Project

First and foremost, when looking for an open source project to join, it is advantageous to find a project that resonates with your interests and skills. That way, you will be more likely to invest the time and effort necessary to make a meaningful contribution to the project. When starting, you can look through the available projects on popular platforms such as GitHub and GitLab, which list large and small projects alike.

Once you find a project of interest, the next step is to evaluate it, considering factors such as the project’s size and complexity, the levels of activity and engagement of the users currently involved, and the strength of the community around it. This is key to understanding the project, deciding whether it is suitable to you, and determining if you can make a worthwhile contribution to it. Further, it is also important to remember that maintaining an open source project requires dedication and hard work and is not something that can be done on a part-time basis. This is why it is beneficial to find a project that is supportive and encouraging to new users and developers.

In conclusion, finding the right open source project to contribute to involves careful consideration and research. Especially when working collaboratively, understanding the community is essential for successful engagement in open source projects. Therefore, do not skip the vital process of researching and assessing potential projects in order to ensure that you find the suitable one for your interests and strengths.

Communicating and Collaborating with the Community

When it comes to open source projects, collaboration is key. It’s worth taking the time to get involved with the community and interact with other members who are already involved. When showing up for the first time, consider introducing yourself and offering assistance to others if possible. One way to start is by joining the project or mailing list for the project and taking part in discussions.

It’s important to be polite and accepting of other people’s ideas and inputs. Lending a helping hand and being a positive presence can go a long way in communicating within the community. When asking questions, be sure to clearly articulate the nature of the query, so that all parties involved can help resolve it amicably. Additionally, keep in mind that with open source projects, the best way to learn is by doing. Get involved and take part in challenges, tasks, and/or coding challenges – it’s a great way to gain experience and knowledge.

Submitting Changes

Submitting changes to a project is an essential procedure for open source development. After making alterations to the project’s code, it’s important to compile a pull request or patch and detail the changes that have been made. It’s important to adhere to the contribution guidelines set by the project and to be open to the feedback of other members of the community.

When submitting your changes, you should include relevant details of your proposed alterations, and should make sure to address any potential issues that the changes may raise. Doing so will allow other members of the community to easily review your work, and can help ensure that the project is moving in a positive direction. If you’re including external links or citations, make sure that they are up to date and properly formatted, as this will make your changes easier to read and digest. Also, make sure that you are giving credit and attribution where it is due. Treat other contributors fairly and with respect, and be aware of the project’s code of conduct when expressing opinions or sharing feedback.

Finally, submitting your changes is an important step in the open source development process, and should not be overlooked. Keep in mind that it’s easy to forget the details if the process is rushed, so take the time to review your code and make sure that it is accurate and well-written. Doing so will help ensure that your project is as successful as possible.

Common Pitfalls to Avoid

One of the common pitfalls to avoid when contributing to open source projects is not following their code of conduct and guidelines. It is important to understand the project’s style of development and its underlying goals, as this ensures that contributions are well-received and appropriate. Additionally, take the time to research the project and become familiar with protocols and processes the team has established. This can help reduce potential misunderstandings and confusions that one may experience when interacting with the open source community.

Another area to be mindful of is communication. Since open source projects require collaborative input and debugging, effective communication is essential. It is important to be aware of the conversation and stay on top of any issues that have been raised. Always remember to be respectful and open-minded when discussing topics and actively listen to feedback that is given. When responding, make sure to use considered language and refrain from making assumptions. Finally, connect with the team on a regular basis to ensure that you are up to date with any new developments and are responding in a timely manner.

Finally, open source requires a mindset of openness and receptivity to feedback. Pay attention to issues and comments as these can be valuable learning opportunities. Never be afraid to admit that you may have made a mistake, and always take full ownership of it. Use any feedback constructively, and take the time to apply it to the project and your process. By being open and receptive to feedback, the development process of any open source project is bound to proceed smooth and successful.


Contributing to open source projects can be one of the most fulfilling experiences a developer can have. As well as learning and growing ones technical skills, it also provides a fantastic opportunity to give back to the development community, as well as connect with like-minded colleagues in the field. Whether it’s through bug fixing, feature development, consulting or proactive community engagement, there are a variety of ways to get involved.

Assessing which project best suits your skillset, abilities, and time-commitment is a key part of the process, and the value of doing thorough checks can’t be underestimated. It pays to do your due diligence and understand the culture of the project, its goals, and the active members, who have a deep understanding of both the code and its wider community. After all, everyone in the development world benefits from open source software, and its important to give back when and where you can.

By working together and following the tips outlined in this article, we can all make a difference in our community and make sure open source projects continue to inspire, challenge and drive the world of software development forward. If you’re on the fence, give it a try and you’ll soon see why creators and users alike are passionate about open source development.

Thomas Hanna